Online Assessment also known as e-assessment, electronic assessment and computer-based assessment, is the of IT in different forms of assessment like: educational assessment, health assessment, psychiatric assessment, and psychological assessment. This may use a computer connected to a Internet network. Such online assessment includes multiple choice questions, test analysis, computerized adaptive testing, online submission and computerized classification testing.

In education assessment, examining bodies find the road from traditional paper based exam to fully digitalize assessment a long one. If we consider it practically its necessary to have IT hardware to enable numerous students to sit on a digital assessment at the same time, as well as to make sure a stringent level of security for academic dishonesty, are one of the concerns needed to be solved to achieve this transition.

Online assessment is mainly used to measure cognitive abilities, demonstrating what is learned after a particular event of education has occurred, likewise the completion of an instructional unit or chapter. While assessing practical abilities or to demonstrate learning that has occurred over a period of time an online portfolio is commonly used. The primary element that should be made while teaching an online course is assessment. Assessment is helpful to determine if learning is happening or not and to what extent and what changes are to be made.

Advantages of online assessments

The use of online assessments saves a huge time and money for companies. Preferably the assessments can be finished in less time, many applicants can finish the online assessment at the same time &  along with that no requirement of specialized (and expensive) personnel. Also, the exam constructor are able to take the assessment during class, or at home, with their own devices. You get to check results and answers and get immediate feedback about your selected topic. That aids you, as a researcher, recruiter, teacher or even trainer, to know more about the users and adapt to their needs, strengths and weaknesses.

Disadvantages of online assessments

Actually nothing much can be said about the negative side of online assessments, as the advantages outweigh them by far. But there can be some such as, you have know how to use computer (or able to use a computer well) in order to develop and take an assessment. Technology is not  reliable always, there might be some connection or internet problems, electricity breaks ane along with some other things like that. Also, there is a cost involved in online assessment system.